Coffee Drinks Explained: From Espresso To Irish Coffee

Updated on  
Coffee Drinks Explained: From Espresso To Irish Coffee

Have you ever stood in line at a coffee shop, staring at the menu board, feeling overwhelmed by the many coffee options? It is common to feel confused when faced with choices like latte, cappuccino, flat white, or macchiato. With each coffee shop seemingly having unique concoctions, it is no wonder that navigating the world of coffee can be daunting.

Don't worry, coffee enthusiasts! In this comprehensive guide, we will unravel the mysteries behind the

different types of coffee

drinks, their origins, and how to make them. Whether you are a seasoned coffee expert or just starting to explore the realm of caffeinated delights, this guide will equip you with the knowledge to confidently order your favorite coffee and understand why each coffee type is distinct.

We will also provide a visually appealing coffee chart to aid our exploration, showcasing the diverse range of coffee types and styles. This type of coffee chart will serve as a handy reference, helping you easily navigate the coffee landscape.

So, let us dive into a flavorful caffeinated adventure as we uncover the fascinating history, unique characteristics, and brewing techniques behind some of the most popular espresso-based coffee drinks.

Coffee Chart: A Visual Guide To Different Coffee Types

Before diving into each coffee type's intricacies, let us first explore a helpful coffee chart. This visual reference provides an overview of the various types of coffee drinks available, making it easier to navigate the world of coffee. With the chart at your disposal, you'll better understand the diverse range of options and be better equipped to choose the perfect coffee type for your taste preferences.

In the next section, let us understand what espresso-based coffee drinks are.

Espresso-Based Coffee Drinks

Espresso-based drinks are coffee drinks that all share one thing: they are made with espresso as a base. These drinks typically contain three main ingredients: espresso, steamed milk, and foam. However, what sets them apart is the ratio of these ingredients used in each beverage.

You can also customize your coffee by adding toppings such as ground chocolate on a cappuccino or a splash of whiskey to create an Irish coffee. Some espresso-based drinks can be made stronger by incorporating double or triple espresso shots. So, when ordering, you need to be mindful of the espresso quantity to tailor your coffee to your liking.

In the upcoming section, we will delve into the world of coffee, exploring and unraveling the mysteries of various types of coffee drinks. Get ready to discover the unique characteristics, brewing techniques, and flavors of different coffees explained, taking your coffee knowledge to new heights.


Espresso serves as the foundation for various popular coffee drinks. It is brewed by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee beans under high pressure. This method produces a concentrated, rich, and aromatic coffee with a layer of crema on top. Originating in Italy,


is distinct due to its thicker consistency and foamy cream. It has a higher caffeine concentration per unit volume, but a small serving of espresso contains less caffeine than a regular cup of coffee.


How To Make An Espresso Without A Machine



, a beloved classic Italian coffee drink, is crafted by pouring an espresso shot into a cup and topping it with an equal ratio of steamed milk and milk foam. The result is a delightful concoction with a creamy and indulgent taste. While some prefer the traditional addition of ground chocolate on top, others enjoy the pure essence of the espresso and velvety milk without the added sweetness. During winter, cappuccinos may even feature a sprinkle of cinnamon or nutmeg for an extra festive touch. It is the perfect beverage for coffee enthusiasts who appreciate the harmonious blend of bold espresso and smooth milk foam.


Latte, derived from the Italian caffè latte, is a beloved espresso-based coffee type renowned for its smooth and creamy texture. To prepare a latte, a single espresso is extracted and combined with steamed milk, resulting in a higher proportion of milk to espresso than a cappuccino. The steamed milk takes center stage in a latte, with a delicate layer of foam added on top. Latte art, the artful creation of patterns or designs on the surface of the latte, showcases the skill and creativity of baristas. This coffee style adds a visual delight to the latte experience, from intricate floral patterns to adorable animal shapes.


How to make latte


A long coffee, commonly known as an Americano, originated in Italy and gained popularity in Europe during World War II. It is made by pouring hot water first, filling about two-thirds of a cup, and then adding a shot of espresso. By diluting the espresso with hot water, an Americano achieves a milder coffee flavor than a straight espresso while retaining its strength. This coffee type provides a balanced and satisfying option for those seeking a less intense coffee experience.


The macchiato, meaning "stained" in Italian, is an espresso-based coffee type with a rich history. It originated from the need to distinguish between a plain espresso and one with a small amount of milk. Traditionally, a macchiato consists of an espresso shot topped with a dollop of milk foam, providing a bold and flavorful experience. However, variations exist, with some baristas adding steamed milk alongside the foam. Regardless of the preparation, the macchiato showcases the art of delicately "staining" the espresso with just a touch of milk, creating a unique and satisfying coffee drink.


Mocha is a delightful blend of coffee and hot chocolate, making it an attractive choice among different types of coffee. It can be enjoyed simply with an espresso shot topped with hot chocolate or, in a more sophisticated version, combining espresso, hot chocolate or chocolate syrup, steamed milk, and milk foam. A mocha aims to create an indulgent and extravagant beverage where the silky hot chocolate complements the milk's sweetness and espresso's boldness. Whether made with chocolate powder or syrup or even transformed into a luscious white mocha with white chocolate, it is a treat that never fails to satisfy. Sprinkle some chocolate powder, and you have a truly irresistible concoction to relish.


How to make mocha at home

Flat White

The flat white, popularized in Australia and New Zealand, is a simple yet delicious coffee beverage. It is prepared by pouring a double espresso into a cup and adding a small amount of velvety steamed milk without any milk foam or additional toppings. The flat white distinguishes itself with a stronger espresso flavor than a latte, allowing the rich and smooth coffee to take center stage, complemented by just the right amount of creamy milk.

Drip Coffee

Drip coffee, also known as filter coffee, is a classic and beloved option among different types of coffee drinks. It is made by pouring hot water over a filter filled with medium-coarse ground coffee beans. As the water slowly drips through the grounds, it extracts rich flavors and oils, producing a smooth and well-rounded cup of coffee. Drip coffee offers a familiar and comforting taste, appreciated for its simplicity and convenience. Whether black or with a splash of milk, it provides a satisfying and flavorful coffee experience that coffee enthusiasts worldwide enjoy. With its wide range of coffee styles, from light and fruity to bold and robust, drip coffee offers something for every coffee lover. Whether you prefer a bright and vibrant Ethiopian roast or a rich and chocolatey Colombian blend, drip coffee allows you to explore and appreciate the diverse flavors.


A Doppio is a type of coffee drink that packs a powerful punch. It is made by extracting two shots of espresso into a cup, offering a double dose of intense flavor and caffeine. With no additional ingredients to dilute its robust taste, the Doppio delivers a strong and concentrated espresso experience for those seeking an extra kick in their coffee.


The cortado is a coffee beverage from Spain that consists of a single shot of espresso combined with an equal portion of steamed milk. What sets the cortado apart from other types of coffee drinks is the smooth, velvety texture of the steamed milk, differentiating it from the frothy or textured milk found in various Italian coffee preparations. This delightful drink can be savored in Spain, Portugal, and Cuba. Interestingly, the term "cortado" derives from the Spanish verb "cortar," meaning "to cut," reflecting the act of diluting the coffee with milk to mellow its acidity.

Con Panna

Con Panna, meaning "with cream" in Italian, is a decadent coffee indulgence. This type of coffee drink involves a shot of espresso topped with a generous dollop of whipped cream. This delightful combination creates a rich and creamy beverage that satisfies both coffee and dessert cravings. Interestingly, Con Panna is known by different names in various countries, such as café Vienne in the USA, café Viennois in France, and the United Kingdom.


Affogato, meaning "drowned" in Italian, is a delightful dessert coffee perfect for summer. It involves pouring a shot of espresso over a scoop of creamy vanilla ice cream. The contrasting temperatures of the hot espresso and ice cream create a heavenly combination of flavors and textures. While traditionally served as a dessert in Italy, some establishments may offer variations that include liqueur or different ice cream flavors. However, the classic affogato remains a simple and indulgent treat enjoyed by coffee and dessert enthusiasts.

Irish Coffee

Irish coffee is a delightful cocktail that combines the richness of espresso, the warmth of whiskey, and the indulgence of cream. It is not a typical coffee drink but a special treat for its delightful flavors and cozy feeling. While the exact origin of Irish Coffee remains uncertain, it has become a famous cocktail on many bar menus. Sipping on this delicious blend of coffee and whiskey, topped with a luscious layer of whipped cream, is a comforting and enjoyable experience.


In conclusion, with an endless array of coffee drinks, exploring the world of coffee can be an exciting and enjoyable experience. In this comprehensive guide, we have examined various types of coffee drinks. By referencing the coffee chart, you can quickly identify the coffee types and styles that align with your taste preferences.

Whether you prefer a bold espresso, a velvety latte, or a refreshing flat white, there is a coffee drink to suit every palate. So, go ahead and embark on your coffee journey, trying new flavors and brewing methods along the way.

To sum it up, coffee is not merely a beverage but a delightful adventure that inspires and invigorates your senses. So raise your cup and celebrate the wonderful world of coffee, where every sip is an opportunity to savor the rich flavors and indulge in moments of pure bliss.

About The Author: Jorge Armando Ciciliani

Jorge is a seasoned coffee professional with a lifelong passion for all things coffee. For over a decade, he has fervently immersed himself in the world of coffee, mastering its preparation, understanding its societal impact, and uncovering its cultural significance. Starting as a barista at the young age of 15 and later managing a coffee roastery, this journey led him to work as a quality control manager for a green coffee importer. Traveling across countries in Central and North America, Jorge has explored various coffee traditions and honed his skills through Specialty Coffee Association courses. As a QC Cupping coffee connoisseur and sensory skills enthusiast, Jorge is a true expert in the art of brewing and savoring the perfect cup. Consider him your trusted Fika expert.

Published on  Updated on  

Some description